:

:

260202 ,


4-4-25.


2008


.

堠 3

4

1.1 4

1.2 6

7

2.1 7

2.2 頠 9

2.3 11

2.4 15

2.5 17

2.6 19

2.7 20

2.8 21

堠 22

23


. . , , , . , . , , . . . , 18 . , - , - , , . , ; , . , , ; , . , , . , , , , .

. 150 500 .

330 . , .

, ; , , , , .

, , , . . , , , , , .


1.

1.1

0, 4 0, 8 - . -.

1.

1 ., ,
()
27842-88 0,8 170 190 -

2. .

:

, , ; 1-2 ;

, , . ;

- -.

:

. ;

;

, .

, . .. . . . __________________________________________
, .
, % 43, 0
, 3, 0
, % 68, 0
, % 3, 0 + 1, 0

3. .

,

210 240

60 90

, 30 -40
, 30 -35
, 10

4. .

, %
1 , 100 14,5
, 1,0 75, 0
, 1,5 3,5
, 3,0 0,14
25 88, 0
130,5

5. .

, 1
4-4-25 - 12 000 2 100

6. .

, % , % , % , % B. %
3,3 12 4,0 137,5

1.2

, , . . 5- . 30-40 . , . . . 30-35 . 210-215. .


2.

2.1

, , /,

N * n * m * 60

= ----------------------------, (1)

T.

N ( ), .;

n 1 ( ), .;

m , ;

T. , ..

N, .,

L - a

N = -----------------, (2)

d + a

L , ;

a ( ), ;

d , .

n, .,

B - a

n = -----------------, (3)

d + a

B , ;

a ( ), ;

d , .

1200 - 50

N = ----------------- = 49, 79 = 49 (.)

190 + 50

2100 50

n = ------------------- = 8, 54 = 8 (.)

190 + 50

49 * 8 * 0,8 * 60

= ---------------------------- = 627, 20 (/)

30

, ., /.,

. = 627, 20 * 23 = 14 425, 60 /. (4)

7. .

, / ,
627,20 23 - 14 425, 60

.

1 2 3
4-4-25
- 1

- .

2.2

.. ., %,

m. m. m.

. = m. * (1 - -------) * (1 - -------) * (1 - -------), (5)

100 100 100

m , ;

m. , %;

m. , %;

m. , %.

m, ,

m * (100 w.)

m = --------------------------, (6)

100 w򠠠

堠 m , ;

w , %;

w , %.

w, %,

m1 * w1 + m2 * w2 + + mn * wn

w = --------------------------------------------, (7)

mc

m1,m2,mn , ;

w1,w2,wn , .

w, %,

w = w. + n, (8)

堠 w. , %;

n (.. m = 0,8 , n = 1).

w = 44 + 1 = 45 %

100 * 14,5 + 1,0 * 75 + 1,5 * 3,5 + 3,0 * 0,14 + 25,0 * 88

w = --------------------------------------------------------------------------- = 28, 59 %

130,5

130,5 * (100 28,59)

m = ----------------------------- = 169, 44

100 45

3,3 12 4,0

. = 169, 44 * (1 - ------) * (1 - ------) * (1 - ------) = 138, 4 %

100 100 100

.., %,

.. = . . , (9)

堠 , %.

2.3

m, ,

P * 100

m = ------------------- (10)

.

627, 20 *100

m = ---------------------- = 453, 2

138, 4

m., /,

m

m. = ----------- (11)

60

453, 2

m. = ------------ = 7, 6 /

60

() m/, /,

m. * 60

m/ = --------------------- (12)

100

7, 6 * 60

m/ = ---------------- = 4, 56 /

100

m.., /,

m.. = m. - m/ (13)

m.. = 7, 6 4, 56 = 3, 04 /

m.., ,

m. * m.. * (1+)

m.. = -----------------------------------, (14)

100

m.. 100 , %;

1 .

7, 6 * 1, 0 * (1+3)

m.. = -------------------------- = 0, 3

100

8. .

, , %
%
1 , 4, 56 14, 5 85, 5 3, 9
, 0, 3 94 6 0, 018
4, 86 3, 92

() m/, ,

m../ * 100

m/ = ----------------------------, (15)

100 w/

m../ , ;

w/ , %.

3, 92 * 100

m/ = -------------------- = 7

100 44

() m./, /,

m./ = m/ m./, (16)

m./ , .

m./ = 7 4, 86 = 2, 14 /

m -, /,

m. * m..

m. - = -----------------------------, (17)

-

m.. - 100 , %;

- , %.

7, 6 * 1, 5

m.- = ----------------------- = 0, 44 /

26

7, 6 * 3, 0

m.- = ----------------------- = 0, 46 /

50

m., /,

m. * m..

m. = --------------------------- (18)

100

7, 6 * 25

m. = ----------------- = 1, 9 /

100

9. .

, , %
%
1 , / 3, 04 14, 5 85, 5 2, 6
, / 7 44 56 3, 92
, / 0, 44 74 26 0, 11
, / 0, 46 50 50 0, 23
, / 1, 9 88 12 0, 23
12, 84 7, 09

() m., /, (15)

7, 09 *100

m. = ------------------ = 12, 89 /

100 45

() m.., /, (16)

m.. = 12, 89 12, 84 = 0, 05

10. .

,
1 , / 4, 56 3, 04
, / 0, 3 ---
, / --- 7
, / 2, 14 0, 05
, / --- 0, 44
, / --- 0, 46
, / --- 1, 9
, 0 28 29 29 30
, 210 240 60 90
, 3, 5 4, 0 3, 0

2.4

m.., /,

m.. = m * 23 (19)

m.. = 453, 2 * 23 = 10 423, 6 /

11. .

(.),
14 425, 60 138, 4 % 10 423, 6

m.., /,

m.. * m..

m.. = -------------------------- (20)

100

10 423, 6 * 1, 0

m.. = ------------------------ = 104, 23 /

100

10 423, 6 * 1, 5

m.. = ------------------------ = 156, 35 /

100

10 423, 6 * 3, 0

m.. = ------------------------ = 312, 71 /

100

10 423, 6 * 25, 0

m.. = ----------------------- = 2 605, 9 /

100


12. .

, ,
10 423, 6 104, 23 156, 35 312, 71 2 605, 9

m.., ,

m.. = m.. * T., (21)

T. .

m.. = 10 423, 6 * 7 = 72 965, 2 㠠

m.. = 104, 23 * 3 = 312, 69

m.. = 156, 35 * 12 = 1 876, 2

m.. = 312, 71 * 15 = 4 690, 65

m.. = 2 605, 9 * 1 = 2 605, 9

13. .

,

, .

,
1 , 10 423, 6 7 72 965, 2
/, 104, 23 3 312, 69
, 156, 35 12 1 876, 2
, 312, 71 15 4 690, 65
2 605, 9 1 2 605, 9

2.5

N, .,

m.

N = ---------------, (22)

m()

堠 m. , ;

m() (), .

14. .

,
1 , 72 965, 2 - 111 15 000

5

1

: 6

111 6 .

72 965, 2

N = -------------- = 4, 86 = 5 .

15 000

V, 3,

m.. * 100 *

V = -------------------------------------, (23)

* 100

;

% , %.

1 876, 2 * 100

V = -------------------------- = 72, 16 3

26 * 100

1--2

N, .,

m..

N = ---------------------, (25)

m..

m.. , .

m.., .,

m.. = n1 * n2 * m..

n1 , .;

n2 , .;

m.. 1 , .

m.. = 3 * 8 * 50 = 1 200

4 690, 65

N = ------------------ = 3, 91 = 4 .

1 200

N, .,

m * T.

N = ----------------------, (26)

m()

T. , ;

m() , .

453, 2 * 7

N = ----------------- = 2, 12 = 3 .

1 500

3 -162

N, .,

m

N = --------------, (27)

Q

453, 2

N = -------------- = 0, 15 = 1 .

3 000

2 1,5


2.6

V., 3,

m * T. * 100 * n

V. = ----------------------------, (28)

1000 * g * (n 1)

m , /;

T. , ;

n , .;

g 100 .

4, 56 * 210 * 100 * 6

V. = ---------------------------- = 5, 0 3

1000 * 23 * (6 1)

8--12/2

r, ,

T. * 60

r = ----------------, (29)

n 1

210 * 60

r = ---------------- = 2 520

6 1

V/, 3,

m.. * T. * 100

V/ = --------------------------- (30)

1000 * g

7, 6 * 60 * 100

V/ = --------------------------- = 1, 98 3

1000 * 23

8--12/2

2.7 .

N, .,

n * 1, 05

N = ------------------, (31)

n

堠 n , ./;

1, 05 , ;

n .

n, .,

P..

n = =----------------- (32)

60 *

627, 20

n = =----------------- = 13, 07 = 13 .

60 * 0, 8

13 * 1, 05

N = ------------------

2

N, .,

N * T

N = --------------, (33)

T

堠 N , , , .;

T , ;

T , .

49 * 40

N = -------------- = 56 .

35

1-2-3-60

2.8 .

N, .,

P.. * T

N = -----------------, (34)

n * m.

堠 T , ;

n , .

627, 20 * 10

N = ----------------- = 313, 6 = 314

25 * 0, 8

2-/25 314 .


.

4-4-25.


1. . ., . ., . . . .: , 1983.

2. . .: , 1984.

3. .

4. . .: , 1984.

5. .. . .: , 2001.

2011